Hopkinsville Community College

                        Course Syllabus

                            BIO 139

                Human Anatomy and Physiology II




BIO 137


The interrelationship of structure and function of each body system will be presented in two semesters.  The first semester will include basic chemistry, cell structure, cell physiology, tissues, and microscopy as they relate to physiological processes.  These interrelationships of body systems will be presented so that the human body is studied as an integrated whole.  Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.


BIO 139


The second semester continues the study of the interrelationships of body systems.  Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.  Prereq:  BIO 137.


TEXTBOOKS (Recommended - May be purchased in the HCC bookstore)

Human Anatomy and Physiology 7th. edition

Author:  Marieb

Publisher:  Benjamin Cummings


Laboratory Integrate (Required)

Compiled by:  Walston & Wilson

Publisher:  Benjamin Cummings




Upon completion of this course, the student can:


1. explain, basic principles of inorganic and organic chemistry as they apply to physiological processes,

2. describe basic cell structure and physiology,

3. describe the structure and function of major tissue type,

4. recognize the complementarity of structure and function,

5. describe basic metabolic processes of organ systems,

6. explain the interrelationships between organ systems and physiological processes,

7. explain the major homeostatic mechanisms utilized in each body system in response to internal and external                 environmental changes, and

8. explain physiological and anatomical mechanisms of common dysfunctions.


General Education Competencies:



I.   Communicate Effectively

     1.   Read and listen with comprehension.

     2.   Speak and write clearly using standard English.

3.      Interact cooperatively with others using both verbal and non-verbal means.

4.      Demonstrate information processing through basic computer skills.


II.  Think Critically

1.      Make connections in learning across the disciplines and draw logical conclusions.  

2.      Demonstrate problem solving through interpreting, analyzing, summarizing, and/or integrating a variety of materials.

3.      Use mathematics to organize, analyze, and synthesize data to solve a problem.


III. Learn Independently

1.    Use appropriate search strategies and resources to find, evaluate, and use information.

2.    Make choices based upon awareness of ethics and differing perspectives/ideas.

3.    Apply learning in academic, personal, and public


4.    Think creatively to develop new ideas, processes, or products.


IV.    Examine Relationships in Diverse and Complex


1.    Recognize the relationship of the individual to human heritage and culture.

2.    Demonstrate an awareness of the relationship of the individual to the biological and physical


3.    Develop an awareness of self as an individual member of a multicultural global community.





OFFICE:  Room 134


OFFICE HOURS: Hours are posted on my office door. 


TELEPHONE:  270 707 3865




Four exams will be given during the term.  The exams will be multiple choice, identification, and short answer in nature.  Each exam will be worth 125 points.  The material covered by each test will be from assigned text readings and the lecture material. 


A minimum of fourteen laboratory exercises will be completed.  The “RS" sheets (or other supplied worksheet) that correspond to each exercise will be due the day of the lab activity (unless otherwise specified by the instructor).  All answers must be printed in a legible form using black or blue ink or number 2 pencil.  Late lab sheet will receive a 5 point per class meeting penalty. You will receive up to 11 points for each “RS" sheet. You must be present when the lab activity is assigned and conducted to receive credit for a RS sheet.  There will be 20 points possible from a subjective "lab technique" component.  A key to receiving all 20 points is that you do the activity before you attempt the “RS" sheets.


You are expected to be in your seats at the time class is scheduled to begin.  It is a disruption to have people walk in late, especially if you walk in front of the projector. You will lose ten points each time you are late to class.  The instructor's watch has the correct time.




The sum of your test scores and the laboratory scores will determine your grade for the course (minus behavior points lost).


Your grade will be determined as follows:


606--674    A


538--605    B


470--537    C


402--469    D


  0--401    E




Attendance is expected.  If you are absent, you are responsible for material covered while you were gone.  Make-up exams will be given only if the absence is due to an illness requiring medical attention (a note from a medical professional, obtained on the day of your absence, must accompany your return to class), the death of an immediate family member, or a school sponsored event. Please notify me prior to your absence if possible.  Make-up exams will be taken the week of final exams.


Laboratory attendance is mandatory.  Labs cannot be made-up nor can you turn in a lab sheet if you were not present when the lab was assigned in class.



I will not sign a drop slip after midterm.



Classes will be conducted primarily in a lecture/discussion format.  Discussion will require your participation in class; therefore, you should read the material in your text that is applicable to the topics being covered in class.  Audio/visuals, group interactions, as well as student directed instruction might be utilized.



No tobacco use is allowed.


Appropriate drinks may be brought to lecture (not lab) as long as problems do not arise because of this policy.  Be sure and throw your drink container away as you leave class.


The instructor prior to their attendance must approve visitors to class.  (This means children as well.)


Cellular phones/pagers/Blackberries etc… are not allowed in class. Cellular phones/pagers are not to be in view.  If your phone/pager is used in any manner in the classroom, you will lose 25 points for each occurrence.


Recording devises are not allowed in the classroom.  Lectures may not be recorded by any electronic means.


The computers in the room are to be used only at the instruction of the instructor.  There is not to be any computers used during class without the expressed permission of the instructor.


Cheating will result in a mark of "0" on the relevant work.  A subsequent episode will result in an "E" and referral to the Chief Academic Officer.


Appropriate dress is expected. 


HCC complies with the American with Disabilities Act.  To initiate the process you must present yourself to the ADA officer.  The ADA office is located in room 115 of the administration building.


Student Code of Conduct can be obtained at www.kctcs.edu/student/code.htm





   I. The reproductive system 

      A. gametogenesis 

      B. endocrine control 

      C. anatomy of the male reproductive system 

         1. external structures

         2. internal structures

         3. urethra

      D. seminal fluid components 

      E. emission, erection and ejaculation 

      F. anatomy of the female reproductive system 

         1. external structures

         2. internal structures

      G. menstrual cycle 

      H. pathway of sperm to fertilization 

      I. fertilization 

      J. pregnancy and associated hormonal changes 

      K. parturition 


  II. Human growth and development 

      A. zygote and cleavage 

      B. implantation 

      C. embryonic stage 

      D. fetal stage 

      E. fetal circulation 


 III. Human genetics 

      A. the gene 

      B. chromosomes 

 C. gene expression 

    1. genotype and phenotype

         2. complete dominance and recessiveness

         3. other types

         4. environmental influence

      D. sex-linked inheritance 

      E. chromosomal disorders 


  IV. The endocrine system 

      A. definition  endocrine glands and hormones 

      B. mechanisms of hormonal actions 

      C. the endocrine glands:  location, description, hormones secreted, actions, hyper- and hyposecretion

          1. adenohypophysis

          2. neurohypophysis

          3. thyroid

          4. thymus

          5. parathyroids

          6. pancreas

          7. adrenal cortex

          8. adrenal medulla

          9. pineal gland

         10. testes

         11. ovaries

         12. digestive glands


   V. The digestive system 

      A. organs:  structure and function 

      B. hydrolytic enzymes

      C. review of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, nucleic acids 

      D. digestion in the mouth 

      E. swallowing 

      F. peristalsis 

      G. gastric juice 

      H. digestion in the stomach 

      I. pancreatic juice 

      J. duodenal juices 

      K. digestion in the duodenum 

      L. absorption 

      M. neural & hormonal control of digestion

      N. defecation 


  VI. The cardiovascular system 

      A. blood 

         1. plasma

    2. formed elements

         3. hemostasis

    4. ABO and Rh blood groups

      B. circulatory system:  basic structure and functions               

1. arteries and arterioles

         2. veins and venules

         3. capillaries

         4. blood pressure and influencing factors

         5. pulmonary circuit

    6. systemic circuit

         7. coronary circulation

      C. heart 

         1. location and function

    2. structure

    3. circulation through the heart

    4. cardiac cycle and influencing factors

    5. hearts sounds

    6. cardiac conduction system

    7. electrocardiogram

         8. abnormal heart rhythms


 VII. The lymphatic system 

      A. lymphatic pathways 

      B. lymphatic fluids 

 C. movement of lymph fluid 

 D. lymph nodes 

 E. thymus 

 F. spleen 

 G. immune response 


VIII. The respiratory system 

      A. organs:  structure and functions 

      B. breathing mechanism 

      C. lung volumes 

      D. neural control 

      E. factors influencing breathing 

      F. breathing disorders 

      G. alveolar gas exchange 

      H. transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide 

      I. review of pulmonary circulation 

      J. review of oxygen utilization 


  IX. The urinary system 

      A. Organs:  structure and functions 

      B. nephrons 

      C. urine formation 

         1. glomerular filtration

         2. tubular reabsorption

         3. tubular secretion


      D. hormonal and neural control of micturition 

      E. counter current multiplier mechanism 


   X. Water and electrolyte balance 

      A. Fluid compartments 

      B. Water balance 

      C. electrolyte balance 

      D. disorders in water and electrolyte balance

 E. acid-base balance 

      F. buffers and buffer systems 

      G. disorders of acid-base balance 

         1. respiratory and metabolic acidosis

         2. respiratory and metabolic alkalosis